surface coal mining in the united states

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Surface mining - Wikipedia

Surface mining began in the mid-sixteenth century [dubious – discuss] and is practiced throughout the world, although the majority of surface coal mining occurs in North America. It gained popularity throughout the 20th century, and surface mines now produce most of the coal mined in the United States.

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Subbituminous and bituminous coal dominate U.S. coal ...

While almost all coal consumed in the United States is used to generate electricity (90% in 2010), coal is not entirely homogeneous. Coal is classified into four types, distinguished by the amount of heat it produces and, for coking coal, its ability to agglomerate .

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The Hidden Costs of Fossil Fuels | Union of Concerned ...

Over the past several decades, there has been a gradual shift from underground coal mining to surface mining in the United States. Surface mining, which is only effective for shallow deposits, often employs highly invasive techniques, including area strip mining and mountaintop removal.

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Mapping the yearly extent of surface coal mining in ...

Surface mining is a broadly used mining technique that has increasingly replaced underground mining for a variety of resources, especially coal in the United States . In Central Appalachia, most of this surface mining for coal is done in the steep, dissected landscapes of Kentucky, Tennessee, ia, and West ia.

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Coal mining in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia

Coal mining in the United Kingdom dates back to Roman times and occurred in many different parts of the country. Britain's coalfields are associated with Northumberland and Durham, North and South Wales, Yorkshire, the Scottish Central Belt, Lancashire, Cumbria, the East and West Midlands and Kent.After 1970, coal mining quickly collapsed and practically disappeared in the 21st century.

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CWA Policy and Guidance | Section 404 of the Clean …

Surface Coal Mining Operations Surface Coal Mining Initiative Actions - This page provides updates and background information regarding EPA's recent activities under the Clean Water Act Section 404, Clean Water Act Section 402, and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

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Office of Surface Mining

What We Do. Since 1977, OSMRE has protected the environment and people while regulating surface coal mining in the United States, and funded the restoration of abandoned coal mines.

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surface coal mining in the united states - green-tooling.eu

Coal mining in the United States is a major industry, coal being mined in 25 states, 40% on ... Trends in underground versus surface mining of US coal, 1949-2011. Location of surface coal mines …

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Coal Mining and the Resource Curse in the Eastern United ...

Coal Mining and the Resource Curse in the Eastern United States 1. Introduction The "resource curse" is said to occur if a region's resource wealth detracts from the economic well-

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Ohio DMRM Laws & Regulations

The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) was a landmark federal law that established stringent national standards for coal mining and reclamation. SMCRA created the federal Department of the Interior's Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM).

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Coal - The NEED Project

Surface mining is used to extract about one-third of the coal in the United States. Surface mining can be used when the coal is buried less than 200 feet underground. In surface mining, the topsoil and layers of rock are removed to expose large deposits of coal. The coal

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SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF

5 Sec. 201 SURFACE MINING CONTROL & RECLAMATION 6 All functions vested in the United States Civil Service Commission were transferred to the Director of the Office of Personnel Management (except as otherwise specified) pursuant to Reorg.

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Regulatory Information by Topic: Water | US EPA

Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia Mining operations are regulated under the Clean Water Act (CWA), including discharges of pollutants to streams from valley fills (CWA Section 402) and the valley fill itself where the rock and dirt is placed in streams and wetlands (CWA Section 404).

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GAO-10-21 Surface Coal Mining: Characteristics of Mining ...

Surface mining is an important source of coal production in Appalachia, accounting for about 40 percent of the coal produced in the region in 2008, the most recent data available.

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How is coal mined? - What is Surface Mining and ...

 · Mining is the process of removing coal from the ground. There are two types of mining: underground mining and surface mining. When the coal seam is fewer than 125 feet under the surface, it is ...

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MINING OVERVIEW Introduction - United Nations

regulating surface coal mining now rests with the coal-mining States, with OSM performing an oversight role. OSM works with colleges and universities and other state and federal agencies to ...

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Office of Surface Mining - Official Site

What We Do. Since 1977, OSMRE has protected the environment and people while regulating surface coal mining in the United States, and funded the restoration of abandoned coal mines.

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Mining Industry Profile | Department of Energy

In 2009, an estimated 1,400 mines were operating in the United States.1 As a supplier of coal, metals, industrial minerals, sand, and gravel to businesses, manufacturers, utilities and others, the mining industry is vital to the well being of communities across the country.

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9 Most Valid Advantages and Disadvantages of Coal | ConnectUS

According to EIA, there are an estimated 600 coal generating facilities, 1,100 manufacturing facilities, and 52 coal mines in the United States alone. The mines alone employ about 134,000 people, contributing to high employment, and over the next 10 years, 50,000 new employees will be needed to replace workers who will be retiring.

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METINVEST :: Who we are :: UCC today - United Coal Company

UCC mines metallurgical and steam coal using both underground and surface mining techniques in the states of West ia, ia, and Kentucky. UCC estimates that it is one of the five largest metallurgical coal reserve holders in the Central Appalachian region of the United States.

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GAO-18-305, COAL MINE RECLAMATION: Federal and State ...

United States are required to reclaim mined lands—for example, by regrading and replanting the area. 2. ... requirements apply to surface coal mines, surface effects of underground coal mines, and other coal mining related structures (e.g., roads). For simplicity, we refer to these as

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Texas RRC - Mining & Exploration

Texas is the largest consumer of coal in the United States and in 2015 was the seventh largest coal-producing state. In 1975, the Texas Legislature gave the Railroad Commission jurisdiction to regulate surface mining for coal and uranium.

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Surface Coal Mining in the Northern Great Plains of the ...

In the case of surface coal mines in the western United States, pre-mining exploration activities generally produce sufficient information to permit development of an accurate mining plan for ten or more years of mining.

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USGS Minerals Information: Map Data

The locations of 1,879 coal mines and facilities, 8 uranium mines, and 1,965 mines and processing plants for 74 types of nonfuel minerals and materials are shown with symbols on both a large multicolored lithologic map and eight smaller maps.

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Historical Data on Mine Disasters in the United States

Bureau of Mines Information Circular 8909, "Historical Summary of Coal Mine Explosions in the United States, 1959-81" (1983). "Coal Accidents That Resulted in 5 or More Fatalities Mine From 1957 Through January 1982," listing informally maintained by staff, Office of Information and Public Affairs.

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Surface Mining Jobs, Employment | Indeed.com

882 Surface Mining jobs available on Indeed.com. Apply to Mining Engineer, ... and familiarity with and understanding of, the Texas Surface Coal Mining... Texas Department of Public Safety - 30+ days ago - save job - more... - - Dozer Operators - Mining. Ledcor 561 reviews ... Operations Manager salaries in United States. …

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